Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes diseases affecting the heart and blood vessels. Stroke, coronary artery disease and chronic heart failure are the most common in Australia and are the leading cause of death. Risk factors include inactivity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes and obesity.
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death in Australia, with 120 deaths attributed to CVD every day. One in six Australians are affected by CVD, with prevalence increasing with age. Despite improvements over the last few decades, it remains a high burden on the economy.
Exercise & cardiovascular disease
Exercise has many benefits including:
- Lowering levels of cholesterol
- Managing blood sugar and blood pressure
- Improving muscle strength/endurance
- Improving oxygen consumption (effectiveness of oxygen being delivered to organs and being used)
- Weight management
- Improving cardiorespiratory health.
Moderate intensity aerobic exercise should be undertaken on most to all days of the week and strength training should be completed at a minimum of twice per week.