Benefits of Exercise for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management

Diabetes Type 2 is a metabolic condition that impacts our body’s ability to regulate blood glucose levels which leads to serious health complications such as neuropathies or retinopathies.

Type 2 Diabetes is characterized by a reduction in insulin production and the inability of the body to respond to insulin. Over 1 million Australians have been diagnosed with it and the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes increases with age, although sadly Australia is beginning to see a rise in the number of adolescents and children who are being affected by it.

Diabetes is known as the invisible disease as it cannot be seen if anyone has it and therefore the health effects of it are often underestimated and failure to manage and treat this condition ongoing can lead to a higher risk of;

  • Heart attacks and strokes
  • Blindness
  • Kidney damage
  • Amputations 

The good news is that Type 2 Diabetes is the most preventable. Risk factors include; family history of diabetes, being over the age of 55, overweight/obesity, insufficient exercise, hypertension, poor diet etc. 

Type 2 Diabetes is considered a lifestyle disease due to its onset being the result of a poor diet and a lack of physical activity. The good news is that this is something you can immediately address on your own, a health professional or a Kieser Physiotherapist or Exercise Physiologist.

Other causes of Type 2 Diabetes includes age, obesity, a history of gestational diabetes and some may be predisposed to it through genetics.

Diabetes cannot be cured, however it can be managed by improving the same factors which contributed to its cause (Diet and Physical activity) and in turn prevent the above mentioned health complications.

Those with Type 2 Diabetes are encouraged to perform regular physical activity including a combination of resistance and aerobic training. Resistance training has been found to be especially helpful for those with Type 2 Diabetes as it increases insulin receptor sensitivity and as your strength increases, the ability of your muscles to store glucose increases meaning your body is better able to regulate its blood sugar levels.  Aerobic exercise is recommended in conjunction with this for added benefits.

More benefits of exercise;

  • Reducing your risk of heart disease
  • Helps to control blood pressure
  • Increasing your levels of good cholesterol and reducing bad cholesterol levels
  • Improving bone density
  • Preventing loss of muscle mass due to age

With National Diabetes Week coming in July, ran by Diabetes Australia, if you or someone you know is concerned about diabetes or the risk factors associated, visit your Exercise Physiologistto discuss an exercise program that is tailored to your specific needs with all the added benefits of the Kieser Method of fitness training. 

For more information and in depth information on Diabetes, we recommend visiting the Diabetes Australia website.


If you need a fitness program to help prevent or manage Diabetes symptoms our professional team of Physiotherapists and Exercise Physiologists are standing by to get you started at a Kieser fitness centre near you.


Durstine, J.L. (2009). ACSM’s Exercise Management for Persons with Chronic Diseases and Disabilities. Human Kinetics, pg 182-184.

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