Ever wondered how exercise benefits cancer patients? Does it help during AND after treatment? The Clinical Oncology Society of Australia recommends 'Every cancer patient should be prescribed exercise medicine' and in this video, Kieser Exercise Physiologist Stephen Harvey talks us through the how and why.
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Exercise for cancer related fatigue:
Lin, P. J., Loh, K. P., Inglis, J. E., Dunne, R. F., Kleckner, I., Fung, C., ... & Peppone, L. J. (2019). Effects of exercise on cancer-related fatigue and muscular strength in patients with breast cancer.
Exercise for improvement in quality of life:
Zhang, X., Li, Y., & Liu, D. (2019). Effects of exercise on the quality of life in breast cancer patients: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Supportive Care in Cancer, 27(1), 9-21.
Exercise for improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness
Devin, J. L., Sax, A. T., Hughes, G. I., Jenkins, D. G., Aitken, J. F., Chambers, S. K., ... & Skinner, T. L. (2016). The influence of high-intensity compared with moderate-intensity exercise training on cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition in colorectal cancer survivors: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of cancer survivorship, 10(3), 467-479.
Exercise for increasing muscle mass
Winters-Stone, K. M., Dobek, J., Nail, L., Bennett, J. A., Leo, M. C., Naik, A., & Schwartz, A. (2011). Strength training stops bone loss and builds muscle in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors: a randomized, controlled trial. Breast cancer research and treatment, 127(2), 447.
General guidelines from ACSM roundtable 2019:
Campbell, Kristin L. PT, PhD1; Winters-Stone, Kerri M. PhD2; Patel, Alpa V. PhD3; Gerber, Lynn H. MD4,5; Matthews, Charles E. PhD6,*; May, Anne M. PT, PhD7; Stuiver, Martijn M. PT, PhD8,9,10; Stout, Nicole L. DPT11,*; Schmitz, Kathryn H. PhD12; Morris, G. Stephen PT, PhD13 An Executive Summary of Reports From an International Multidisciplinary Roundtable on Exercise and Cancer: Evidence, Guidelines, and Implementation, Rehabilitation Oncology: October 2019 - Volume 37 - Issue 4 - p 144-152 doi: 10.1097/01.REO.0000000000000186